P4: to describe two theories of ageing –disengagement and activity P5 – Describe physical and internal changes due to the ageing method M3: Use examples to explain the 2 ideas of aging

D2: Measure the influence of 2 major hypotheses on into the social attention provisions. The activity theory

The Activity Theory was at first an idea that was suggested by Citrus Bengtson & Peterson this proposal was seen to have a much more optimistic and confident view on ageing in comparison to the disengagement theory by Cumming and Henry. The game theory suggests that as people get older their ageing procedure will be more effective if they will maintain their particular roles and responsibilities because they did if they were youthful this is in the event they carry on and occupy themselves with actions and keep a positive outlook on life. Moreover if a person has increased cultural contact and continuously engages themselves with activities and has a positive attitude towards life. To be able to the maintain their social, emotional, physical and intellectual abilities and skills and have a good quality of life older people will need to receive the support/ facilities they require for them to have the ability to seize any opportunity to stay active, these kinds of opportunities can come from having roles, obligations and interactions which they may share their life activities with. These are generally the elements that will affect whether or not and old person will go through the disengagement process or the activity process in later lifestyle. In comparison to the disengagement theory the experience theory views old age as an extension for the middle grow older instead of a independent psychological and biological stage in an person's life. Hence the activity theory proposes that old age is actually a continuity in the middle grow older as an individual should bring forward the biological and psychological level of life from the middle section age in old age. Inside the 1950's Havighurst said that in old age if you have a decrease of roles, activities or associations that individual ought to replace these roles with new jobs, responsibilities or perhaps activities to be able to stay content and have a good outlook on life that will give the persons life benefit and wellbeing. He also said that in the event that and individual stays actively involved with other folks on a social level they are more satisfied with their own life. In old age, events including bereavement and retirement may inhibit the levels of social media and someone's outlook and perspective about life. Nevertheless Bromley argued and said that an old person will need to disengage to a certain extent although at the same time stay active, this really is to ensure that the disengagement does not fully finish. He argued that: 'It is not sufficient simply to provide services for seniors. They need to always be educated to make use of them and encouraged to abandon apathetic attitudes and fixed habits. ' In this quote from Bromley we can see just how he feels that just by giving older people facilities to work with it will not make them to come out of the disengagement procedure or for a few it does not stop them via experiencing the means of disengagement in the first place. In order to quit this by taking place seniors will need to be trained how to make utilization of these establishments to their total extent. Disengagement Theory- Cumming/Henry 1961

Cumming and Henry created the idea of The Disengagement Theory, this theory suggests that the as people begin to become older they start to withdraw via all the confident things that they previously do in their lives from whenever they were more youthful. According to Cumming and Henry it was as a result of a decline inside their health and ability to do things as they normally would, this decrease could be inside their physical, interpersonal, emotional and intellectual expertise and talents. Due to the disengagement process persons lower their interests and reduce the amount of actions that they be involved in because they feel like...