From this seminar, I seek to examine, discuss and evaluate the hypotheses of Marx. Firstly, I will analyse the relationship between man action and social composition. Having completed the research, I will proceed further to go over and display his theory of hysteria. Lastly Let me evaluate his theory of false consciousness.
Question one particular
Human action and social structure are exceedingly prevalent in the works of Marx. Regarding the workers and capitalist classes, he evidence that they are certainly not free but rather actors in the capitalist system. The workers are forced into work to make a living, the push of circumstances (Elster, 1986: 29) while the capitalist is forced to keep themselves in business. Elster (1986: 29) argues that is not really entirely authentic as most people are free to make a choice, the staff member has a decision to function or to deprive, whereas the capitalist provides a choice to make a profit or find a way to keep in business. And so the social composition defines could be circumstances, in case the individual can survive inside the wealthy parts of the capitalist, they are defined and significantly encouraged to have as capitalists or 'bourgeoisie' as was the definition by Marx, although if they are struggling to survive in regards to the capitalist, they are limited to live as a worker or perhaps 'proletariat' as was the definition by Marx.
An example of Human action and social framework is found in the movie " DaensвЂќ (Stijn Coninx, 1992), exactly where we find the fact that working course are portrayed as the indegent acting out your force of circumstance that Marx explains. They were pulled away from farms working as peasants and made to help measly salaries at the factories. They are as easily dismissed as they are chosen and are unable to make a living for their family members. In contrast to this kind of, the factory owners are the ones in control of the specific situation and are fighting among each other as to who are able to make the finest profit out of their industries. Most of all their profit making is exemplified in the shooting of personnel or the decrease of their salaries. However there is the case in the socialist that may be portrayed in the movie as standing out in the ordinary audience and trying to get everybody to be aware that what the manufacturing plant owners are doing is not politically accurate. Socially, the Flemish (or factory workers) are only capable of live in areas that have been allotted them, many live in squalor with poor ablution and access to basic resources just like water and food is incredibly limited, also, they are limited in relation to religion as services were not held in their particular language, but rather in Latin. In contrast to our factory workers, our factory owners (or the capitalist class) live anywhere they choose and also have access to every they desire. They could attend church services and most have access to a priest who will come to their house and tutor their children. The factory worker is therefore limited to stay in their social constructions as they are unable to make enough money to be like the capitalist as they can barely support themselves. The factory owner or capitalist is also constrained in which to stay their social structures and keep up appearances, the clergyman (Daens) is definitely severely frowned upon when he associates with the staff and will take their aspect. The church even moves so far as to punish him for his actions.
Alienation is the result of Marx as a lack of that means, a lack of personal realisation and fulfilment. It had been the idea of Marx that the staff member become emancipated and work themselves out of their situation and rise up against capitalism and overthrow it. It can be in a sense a disconnection from reality, because people are removed from having associations with one another plus the effort they put into the machine is decreased to the point that they are carrying out only a small part to contribute to the entire system Elster (1986: 41-52).
The division of labour is said to be the cause of alienation, where the jobs assigned to people were broken...
References: Likely. 317, Example from Professional Worker Magazine, 1911: Pyramid of the capitalist system
Daens. 1992. Belgium/France/Netherlands: Common Pictures. [Video Recording]
Elster, J. 1986. An introduction to Karl Marx. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Modern Times. 1936. USA: United Artists. [Video Recording]
Taylor swift, F. W. 1911. The Principles of scientific management. Nyc: Harper & Brothers.