Generally, the Communist program in the Soviet Union in addition to China happen to be practically the same politically, financially, with the reciprocal purges ect… However , Mao Tse-Tung and Stalin did not see vision to eyesight on many things and Maoism is considered today by most people to be a more developed level of Marxism-Leninism. This is because of the historical and cultural backdrop of Chinese suppliers and because of her physical position and climate which affects contemporary society.
Contrary to Russia, Communism created in the country instead of in the cities. Hence it was a peasants' revolution rather than, while predicted by Karl Marx, a workers' revolution. The cities in China had been at the beginning, anti-Communist.
The Oriental absorption of Marxism was highly selective. China took from Marxism those factors which perfect the Oriental situation rather than force the Chinese situation to fit an overachieving ideology. Thus Marxism was to always be the stalwart of the Oriental Revolution.
Mao Tse-Tung presumed that faith to pure Marxist theory would be taking once life and figured proletarian wave based upon the urban areas was impossible in China since 80 percent of the people were peasants. Due to the more comfortable climate and more fertile terrain, peasantry was more popular in China.
This pragmatic option led to the Revolution beginning in the rural areas. The most important difference among Stalin and Mao is definitely the comprehension in the word 'proletariat'. The Russians believed this meant, as Marx experienced, the industrial staff while the Chinese language, by deficiency of sufficient employees, understood it as the peasantry.
The truly great Leap Forward in which everyone was offer work was another Maoist characteristic. To get 100 days and nights each year, the peasants weren't working in the fields and so Mao established them up to work in the off-season harvesting after 1957. Millions of men and women were put to work in winter season, digging irrigation ditches and canals, planning railroads and laying observe. Then the " backyard furnace"...