LaciВ JepsonВ

CriminalВ ForensicsВ

HourВ 5В

9/11/2014В

CalvinВ GoddardВ

CalvinВ GoddardВ wasВ aВ researcher, В aВ pioneerВ inВ forensicВ ballistics, В andВ aВ forensicВ scientist. В HeВ wasВ bornВ inВ Baltimore, В MarylandВ inВ 1891. В В В HeВ earnedВ aВ BachelorВ ofВ ArtsВ degreeВ andВ aВ medicalВ degreeВ fromВ JohnsВ HopkinsВ University. В В

HeВ createdВ theВ BureauВ ofВ ForensicВ BallisticsВ alongsideВ C. В E. В Waite, В PhillipВ O. В Gravelle, В andВ JohnВ H. В FisherВ inВ NewВ YorkВ inВ 1925. В В В TheВ Bureau, В headedВ byВ Goddard, В wasВ theВ firstВ independentВ criminologicalВ laboratoryВ inВ theВ UnitedВ States. В В TheВ BureauВ ofВ ForensicВ BallisticsВ wasВ formedВ toВ offerВ identificationВ ofВ firearmsВ inВ theВ U. S., В butВ evolvedВ intoВ fingerprinting, В traceВ facts, В andВ bloodВ analysisВ alongВ withВ ballistics. В В GoddardВ wasВ workingВ inВ theВ fieldВ ofВ criminalВ justiceВ throughoutВ 1920sВ­40s. В В BeforeВ joiningВ criminalВ justiceВ heВ wasВ aВ colonelВ ofВ theВ UnitedВ StatesВ Army. В В HeВ wasВ alsoВ anВ editorВ forВ theВ AmericanВ JournalВ ofВ PoliceВ Science, В andВ aВ professorВ ofВ policeВ scienceВ atВ NorthwesternВ University. В В AfterВ WWII, В CalvinВ GoddardВ commandedВ theВ USВ ArmyВ CrimeВ LaboratoryВ inВ Japan. В В CalvinВ GoddardВ wasВ involvedВ inВ theВ SaccoВ andВ VanzettiВ case. В В ItalianВ Born, В SaccoВ andВ VanzettiВ wereВ AmericanВ Anarchists. В В TheyВ wereВ arrestedВ forВ aВ robberyВ ofВ $15, 766. 51В fromВ aВ shoeВ factoryВ andВ theВ murderВ ofВ aВ securityВ guardВ inВ SouthВ Braintree, В Massachusetts. В В TheyВ wereВ sentencedВ toВ theВ electricВ chairВ inВ 1927. В В В However, В whenВ contradictingВ ballisticsВ evidenceВ aroseВ andВ aВ confessionВ ofВ helpingВ inВ theВ robberyВ fromВ aВ thirdВ person, В theirВ sentenceВ wasВ postponed. В В SoonВ itВ becameВ aВ worldwideВ knownВ case. В В TheВ caseВ wasВ appointedВ toВ GoddardВ toВ examineВ andВ traceВ theВ firearmsВ usedВ inВ theВ crime. В В AfterВ heВ examinedВ theВ spentВ casingsВ recoveredВ fromВ theВ robbery, В theВ bulletВ thatВ killedВ theВ securityВ guard, В andВ Sacco'sВ. 32В Colt, В heВ concludedВ thatВ NicolaВ SaccoВ andВ BartolomeoВ VanzettiВ wereВ guilty. В В TheyВ wereВ executedВ onВ AugustВ 23, В 1927. В В...